This is the social justice issue of large-scale mining. Large-scale mining is against the sustainability of the environment and of the peoples cultural identity and quality of life. AIR. Mining has a great effect on the quality of the air. Since mines need to blast through Across the world, mining contributes to erosion, sinkholes, deforestation, loss of biodiversity, significant use of water resources, dammed rivers and ponded waters, wastewater disposal issues, acid mine drainage and contamination of soil, ground and surface water, all of which can lead to health issues in local . What environmental problems are caused by opencast mining?